Asphalt roads and parking lots in Maryland undergo decent wear and tear over the years. They can deteriorate in one way or another hardly before anyone notices, but all in all, asphalt is the most affordable and long-lasting paving material for roads, parking lots, and trails in Maryland. Property managers can best care for their asphalt pavements with these tips for asphalt maintenance planning.
The Asphalt Pavement Lifespan
The first step is to understand the protocols of asphalt maintenance based on the pavement’s expected lifespan. In the first years after its installment, the asphalt will not need much repair at all. However, it will gradually need more repairs the older it gets.
In the second to the fifth year of its life, road managers can call for preventative maintenance services like sealcoating and crack filling. From then on, it will likely need routine repairs for cracks and potholes. At some point, perhaps around the fifteen-year mark, resurfacing may be necessary. After about 20-30 years, the pavement may need replacing altogether.
Types of Asphalt Maintenance Services
Sealcoating is a necessary protective coating that should overlay the asphalt pavement at the beginning of its installation and every few years afterward. The frequency of sealcoating depends on the climate, but in Maryland, one should sealcoat the road or parking lot every 3-4 years.
Sealcoating can help with the crack-filling process. The sealcoating can fill hairline asphalt cracks. However, larger cracks can form due to numerous reasons, such as wear from heavy traffic and fluctuating temperatures. Crack-filling services may be called for every few years as well.
A pothole happens after a crack becomes a cavity and crumbles open. Asphalt patching refills this hole and makes the surface good as new. Asphalt patching is a service to use as needed.
At about the midpoint of the asphalt pavement’s life, you may need to consider resurfacing it. Resurfacing does away with individual crack fills and patches; it is a blanket treatment to preserve the sublayers and service the top layer in the most efficient way possible. Resurfacing can also extend the asphalt’s lifespan by 50%.
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